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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

Y^T.T.n '.'flTnTTB NATIONAL PARK 



FILE NO. 143 



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MONTHLY REPORT FOR 
MARCH 
1929 



IMPORTANT 

This file constitutes a part of the official records of the 
National Park Service and should not be separated or papers 
withdrawn without express authority of the official in charge. 

All Files should be returned promptly to the File Room. 

Officials and employees will be held responsible for failure 
to observe these rules, which arc necessary to protect the integ- 
rity of the official records. 

STEPHEN T. MATHER, 
6-7410 Director. 



*r.yt riUNTrNO office: ,037 



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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 

YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 
•FICE OF THE SUPERINTENDENT 

April 3. 1^9 



The Director, 

Eati m&l rark henries, 
.Vushiit;ton, D* C* 

Deer aar* Dire c ton 

The followine is ray report on the activities of the Eati anal ^aik 
Service in Yellowstone National iiark durinr: the month of Ziarch 13291 

000 - Oeneral 

-til of to roads in the park* with the exception of the five 
mile stretch between aaaraoth Hot Springs and Gardiner, were blocked by 
snow and were not accessible to travel* Vhe roads around headquarters 
were kept open with a small tractor and grader and at no time during; tha 
month was travel seriously hindered* Late in the month the weather mod- 
•r&ted considerably and the snow left at a rapid psce* However, even by 
the end of the month it was impossible to negotiate any of the roads lead- 
ing into the interior of the park* The road cat side the park between 
Gardiner and Livingston was very difficult to travel daring the early part 
of the month bat by the middle of the month was practically cleared of 
snow* This road has been in worse condition this winter than for many 
years past* It v&s impossible for the mail rts.fi to make the trip from 
Livingston on March 2nd* 

100 - administration 

110 • Status of fork 

assistant to the ..superintendent Joffe was Acting Superintendent 
from the beriming of the month until the 19th, when Assistant Superinten- 
dent Daum returned from <£t shin.; ton, D«0*, where he had been since about 
the middle of January working on accounting matters* 3fr* Daum left 'Wash- 
ington on Uarch 6th and returned via Buffalo, Hew York and Chicago*. On the 
25th Superintendent Toll arrived in the IfegH from Denver and spent several 
days acquainting; himself with the park personnel and conditions* ^r* Toil 
departed on the 29th for Denver, but expects to return about the middle of 
April, at which time he will assume complete charge of operations* 

Jbweot for the files the work is current* The files aro not 
current due to the continued absence of 2rs* Greer* 



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On ikroh 1st £iss Margaret Jtmiecon was appointed to the 
position of Senior Clerk, In charr;e of the files, to fill the vacancy 
caused by the resignation of ^rs. ,>nna 3* Career, and her position as 
timekeeper was filled by Hiss Aether Martin, who reported for duty on 
March lbth, having been traneferred from the U* S* Geological murrey at 
Washington, 3* C* 

On Haroh 12th the Secretary of the Local Civil Service Board con- 
ducted an exfi.n1 rat ion for the position of Junior Stenographer, there being 
only one competitor* 

120 - Park: Inspect ions Byi 

121 - Superintendent 

Superintendent Toll arrived in the park on the evening of the 
25th and the 26th, 27th, 28th and the morning of the 29th were spent in 
company with Assistant Superintendent Daura in inspecting the buildings and 
grounds around headquarters, and in the vicinity of Gardiner* The Game Pre- 
servation Ranch outside the park was visited and the proposed bridge sites 
at Gardiner were studied* On the 27th 2£r* Toll rode horseback with Chief 
Banger ..oodring and Assistant to the Superintendent Joffe over the country 
between Mammoth and Gardiner looking over the gams range* 21k, antelope, 
deer and mountain sheep were observed* 

127 - Other -agencies 

2fir* V* M* Bosh, who has been assigned to special invest igat ion 
work in connection with the park wild life spent the periods from iSarch 4th 
to 9th inclusive, and from the 13th to l^th, inclusive, along the north side 
while the reminder of the month was spent in laboratory, photographic and 
office work* His roport for the month follows 1 



"Weather conditions during March were unfavorable to the elk* 
followed by cold weather, have so crusted the snow that the aninals could 
not p£»w through to the forage, a *& *>*» movements of the herds followed* 
Crevice Basin was invaded by 200 to 3°C head early in the month and about Go 
head went outside the park near Deckard's ranch on Buffalo Flats* Some 15 
to 20 head continued down country to Hall Creek and these are about the only 
elk outside the park at the present time* 

"The range outside the park, an the north side of the Yell oar stone 
river, supports more forage this year than it has for the pawt six or seven 
years, due principally to the curtailment of grazing of domestic stock last 
season* It is extremely unlikely that this outside range will be utilised 
this year as downward movements of the herds have practically ceased now and 
the return movements will begin* 

"On March 26th I observed one band of elk high up on the hills 
opposite the mouth of Geode Creek going up country and another band along 
the river's shore going down country* 






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"Considerable areas of the oik ranee is now bare of snow and 
these patches are becoming Larger as the weather grows warmer* .»pril will 
be a critical month, as stoma during this month, if followed by cold 
ither, will render foraging difficult. 



"*ood tides are very active new on the elk, and these, to ether 
with the unfavorable forage conditions during &&rch, hi.ve had a telling 
effect* On the .Thole, though, the animals are in ranch hotter shape then 
the avert, e for April first. 



"a report, emanating from Gardiner last week, that there were 
between 400 and $00 elk starving to death on Buffalo Flats is absolutely 
without foundation* I huve observed but three winter kills 00 far this 
winter and two of these were old cows* The other, a calf, may have been 
a coyote kill* About the same number of elk are on the f coding grounds 
at uiou- ;h Greek as in February* 

"Some evidences of the bone disease has been found in old car- 
casses of elk and in five antelope specimens examined here the past month* 
The experts in the Bureau of Animal Industry have not as yet diagnosed this 
disease* 

"from experiments with cattle, it has been found that pregnant 
and lactating animals require a large amount of calcium and phosphorus to 
■upply the needs of the fetus or sucking calf* A deficiency in either of 
these minerals oauses various bone troubles known to stockmen as creeps, 
rickets, bens chewing, etc* normally the animals secure enough of these 
mineral elements from the range plants they eat, but on some ranges under 
certain conditions the plants are deficient in one or both of the minerals 
and the deficiency is met by feeding a mixture of bone meal and salt to the 
stock* This mixture eliminates bone chewing, produces better calves, larger 
gains in weight, prevents creeps (closely related to osteomalacia) and re- 
duces other non-infectious diseases* A review of the reports of the Texas 
agricultural Experiment Station on their v&ry extensive experiments shows 
a great similarity to our troubles Vmre with the elk, deer and antelope* 
It mii^xt be well to try out a small quantity of the bone meal mixture with 
bay and cottonseed cake during a severe winter when it would be evident 
that heavy losses «ere imminent* 

"A count of the elk is planned for the first part of April** 



150 - Raiment and Supplies 

Ho new major oqui L -ment has boon received this month* 

I70 - lans, Maps and Purveys 

The a^^neerim; department continued working on ro&d construction 
and maintenance for the coming season* The Assistant Resident in; ineer 



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detailed to the Jhops to jjain experience in the repair and maintenance 
of our equi ment vhtch will "be of value later an daring the operation of 
tills equij,raont* 

l8o - Circulars, Bulletins, etc* 

So circulars or press releases were issued durin the month* 
A ©opy of the Sature Ifotes for 23arch is attached hereto. 

200 - I&lntenance , Improvements and Hew Construction 

Seme minor maintenance was necessary this nonth in oiner to keep 
the road open between headquarters and Gardiner at the slide* 

220 - Improvements 

Carpenter 3ho p ; The carpenter and his assistant worked the 
eutire south on the construction of new shelves and bin* at the storehouse* 
new receiving and new shipping room, and the enlargement of the office! 
Oris *?or> rill bo cofflileted in another v*€k* It £ivee us now one of the most 
efficient arrangements of our stock that is possible with the present type of 
bui ldincs* 

Slectrical I%rertaent* The chief electrician carried on the usual 



maintenance of the telephone system at headquarters* In addition he set up 
the rebuilt turbine, fin sen it In operation, and ras load tests which showed 
that the turbine would use approximately 20> less water next starrier and at 
an increased overall efficiency of more than 50$ over last year's o.pe ration* 
So successful was the result of this work that another turbine was dismantled 
and cent to the Shop in Helena to have the wheel rebuilt, new wearing; rinps 
and sew bearings instilled and other necessary work dose* 

Plumb teg Department » This department carried on the usual main- 
tenance and repairs to the heat In,;, rater and sewerage systems at headquarters* 

r.\.o i m mm* in t* 8 . : ■ lie ntsfMUMMf tisane 1 of the wmM 
done last year Que to the oondemninc of ten (10) FT) war surplus task trucks* 
The number of trucks anti tractors overteulod thic year is considerably more 
than last year ov«i with the ten FiJD's discarded* It Is possible to see the 
result of last year*s thorough overhaulSnc in the decreased work this year* 
Our equipment is in much better shape and it is very likely thut we will have 
time to put the entire fleet in first class condition* something that has sever 
been done heretofore due to lack of time, funds, and personnel* 

2 3° - Hew Co nstruction - ;to ads and Bui3dinps 

80 new construction has been started this month* 






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240 - Improvement of ^pproohes to the rarfc 

On the tforth approach road from Livingston to Gardiner contract 
was let for the completion of the 9 mile section between Carbclla and 
Emigrant, and the section between Gardiner and Corwin that is aider con- 
tract at the present tine is rapidly near in cow -let ion. The last mile of 
road into Gardiner which has been held up pending selection of a bridge 
site at Gardiner is now under construction. "5xcopt for the bridge at 
Gardiner and the section between Carbella and emigrant there will be a 
good highway from Gardiner to Livingston* 

260 - Landscape ffoflc 

Confers noes were held in 'Sashin ton with Landscape iSn^inenr 
. . Tint relative to the various proposed buildings, but no work was 
attempted in the lark this month* 

300 -activities of Other , unci os I>! A 

311 - Character of Service renders* to > '■ ^.lic* 

3ervices to the psflllli have been limited to the general store at 
Hsiarnoth, ufoioh is opsrated iriwarily in winter for the convenience of the 
local residents* 

350 - Donations and Accessi ons of all kind s* 

Br* J* 3* H&ynes, former Acting Director H Ms* I'ellowi tone Park 
Uuseun and authorised park photographer, donated $Q hand painted lantern 
slides for the Yellowstone Museum* 

4P0 - Flora, mana and Katural phenomena 

410 - Singer jjfeturi list and Guide Uorvice 

Q?he principal e-ctivitias of the Chief Bsuk Banger have consisted 
of the fo Huttings Sour of in*? -■sotion of the ~ower Falls* Slough Creek, Buffalo 
Ranch, Hellroaring and Orevioo districts on ffca 4th to 9*h inclusive. Special 
patrols in the Blacktail district on tte l6th and 17th, and frequent patrols 
of the iSarsaoth- erdiner district* Oth&r activities have consisted of repairs 
to puck ard saddle horse oquimsnt, insi ection of ranch property and enuip- 
nent preliminary to the beginning of the spring work* Arm Tranent* here been 
nude as far as possible, at this early date, for the transfer of personnel 
and anil naont fron winter to sumnsr stations* Arrangements have been made for 
the annual elk count which will begin on >prii 2nd* Sfhe personnel will oon- 
oist of 15 park tea ;3rs and about S re ?resentp.tives of the Poorest Jorvice and 
State Game Department of Montana Who fIJI cooper, f-.p I21 seenrin;; the count* 
The assistant chief ranf^ers hove been directly in charge of all activities in 
their respective supervisory territories. Rangers on duty in the various 
station districts hare been principally engaged in routine work consisting of 
the following: snow removal from buildings, observing, and reporting water 



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heights, wind raoverasnts* precipitation, temperatures, snocr depths etc* 
11 mtrols hevs been mads an recul&r schedules* Predatory aalc&l control 
lies been only moderately successful but the results are about equal to the 
March reports of previous years* There has been very little wild aniral 
feed in,;; in the aaanoth-Oard iner district since lis-roh 15 th on account of the 
feed grounds being abandoned* bat elk feeding at the Slouch Creek ranches 
has continued throughout the month* There was a band of oOO on the feed 
grounds at slough Creek on the 31st* 

420 - Museum Service 

The taost important project during the month was the completion 
by Mrs* Arnold of the chart showing the relative heists of the najor gey- 
sers in the Upper Basin* This chart is ifrx/tf* * done on gray art board with 
India ink end brush* It is an exceptionally attractive chart and will 
attract much attention In the Old Faithful museum* 

The three lenses for the hand specimen exhibit have been received* 
These will be placed on the hand specimen table to facilitate the exsminatio 
of the specimens by the visitors* The general labels for the hand specimen 
exhibits have been written and are ready for the printer* 

The sinter specimens to be exhibited in the new museum have been 
taken from the dummy oases and carefully packed preparatory to transporting 
them to Old Faithful* These will be placed In the cases in the exact 
position which they occupied in the dummy cases* A dark green felt has been 
selected to be used as mats for the specimens* These felt mate are beinc 
cut at the present tine in Berkeley* 

Most of the additional loose material which has been collected dur- 
ing the winter has been accessioned* As soon as this is completed the ob- 
jects will be stored* 

The photomicrographs have boon returned from Berkeley and have been 
sent to Mr* Haynes with instructions to zaake them into transparencies* These 
transparencies will be placed in the window, directly above the algae exhibit* 

The third of the series of four bear charts has been lettered* Mrs* 
Arnold is working on the bear sketches which will appear at the bottom of each 
of these charts* These charts, as the one on geysers* will be done in India 
ink wash on gray art board* 

word has been received from Mr* Snow, coraaercial artist of .washing- 
ton. D. C. t who is working on the large geyser charts "A" and "F* that they 
are progressing nicely and the work will be complete by May 1st* 

47° " Animals 

forage conditions have ranged from excellent to fair* Large areas 
of good forage were uncovered during the first half of the month where warn 
winds end mild temperatures generally prevailed; variable tempemt tares and 
snowfall during tho last half of the month have resulted in a cover of ioe 
end cruet ed snow causing a temporary shortage of forage* This condition has 
worked a hardship on the elk and deer but the situation is not regarded as 

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serious as the losses thus far aro sli ht f and conditions are gradually 
lnprovin on account of the mild temperatures of the past throe days 
(April 1st to 3d). 

;J3c« Herd conditions range from fair to {good and are rapidly 
iitprovingj prospects are oood for very few losses hove occurred this spring* 
The annual count is now in progress and will probably be completed in tine 
to be covered in detail by this report* 

Jeer i i?he totrJ. of the counts to the close of February was 539« 
The revised count 8 this season to date are as follows! 

Msanoth-Gardiner District 208 

Gene xreeervation Bench 250 

Crerice-Cottonwood-flellroarinc Districts 110 

Old ftdthful Distriot 26 

Tower falls District 23 

Jackson Grade 13 



Total ....... 63O 

Compare with 822 to the close of March last year* The winter 
losses reported thus far consist of 21 killed by coyotes and 10 venter- 
kills - compare with 33 killed by coyotes and 11 winter kills reported 
to the close of March last year* Herd conditions range from fair to 
.rood* The winter feed ground at Gene Preservation Hanch was entirely 

as early as March l^th* 



Sheepi She total of the counts at the close of February was 
77* An addi ti oml count of 3 h&s since been secured making a total count 
of 80 this season* Compare with a total of 170 last ^oar* There have 
been no recent losses observed and herd conditions are regarded as fair* 
She Hellroaring band has joined the band in the at. inverts district and 
64 were counted in this district on a recent patrol* 

ntelope ! The Chief Hanger and his assistants secured a late 
season count of the antelope on the 19th* There were 227 on the ranee 
north of the park at that time* The total of the bands within the park 
was 274* The herd total was 501. The largest count secured this season 
was 510* Losses compared with last season to the close of March are as 
follows: 

This season! Killed by coyotes 23; accidental 1} Sotal 24* 

last seasons Killed by coyotes 8; winter-kills 4; Total 19 
Accidental 2; Unlawfully killed 
by hunters 5* 

Herd conditions are rated as good at this time. The largest 
count secured this season was 510* Compare with 526 - the freest count 
secured during the season of 1927-$* Antelope feeding was concluded on 
15th. 












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Moose : The total of the counts secured this season is 203* The 
total of tho counta and estimates submitted by ranker observers is 458* 
lierd conditions are excellent and there have boon no winter season losses 
observed this year* 

Buffalo - laaar -iver Herds The count submitted in January ^te 
a total of 936. consisting of 801 adults (cows, bulls and steers, includ- 
ing Ion? yearlings) and 135 calves* One winter kill, a bull* has since 
occurred in the Lamar River Canyon and one bull was accidentally killed 
near Tower Sails Jtution* The count at this tine consists of 799 adults 
and 135 calves - Total 934* ^^ **«*£• number on the feed cround this 
season is 350 which is 200 less than the average counts of last year* This 
condition has resulted from our large disposal of stasrs and the unnenally 
favo&ble forage conditions* ^fm feed ground was almost entirely abandon- 
ed at the close of the nonth* Humorous small bends are now ran/ lag along 
the Lamar and Yellowstone Pdvers from the slopes of 2ft* Harris to Isllroar- 
ing Creek* Herd conditions are excellent* 

Buffalo* Cold Creek-Pelican Creek liordi Blare is nothing of 
interest to report at this time* 

Bears f Recent appearances of black and brown boars have boon 
reported as followsi 

Yellowstone Lake District on the 9th 

>th District 17th 

District 18th 

Uorris District 2 let 

Fountain District 23d 

There have been no reports of appearances In the Canyon and Old 
faithful Districts to date* Fourteen were counted in tbe vicinity of the 
Yellowstone Lake laager Station during the last woek of the month* There 
neve been no reporte of crizslies although they generally appear late in 
liarch* 

Predatory Anlaelei 13 Coyotos were destroyed during the month* 
Compare with 17 duritc llarch 1928* T3» total thie season is 282* Compare 
with 275 at the close of tturch 1928, 22o in 1927* 238 in 1926. and 129 at 
the close of ***roh 1925* Condi ti ens have not boon favorable for predatory 
animal control work this month although the numbers destroyed have been 
near normal* This is the mating season ana the coyotes travel in packs* 
Store have been seen than during any March of recent years* There heve been 
no signs of wolves or lions observed* 

Small Animals i There is nothing of interest to odd to the reports 
of small animals submitted last month except tbat woodchucke appeared at 
Old faithful on the l^th and a few have since been seen in the Uaonoth- 
Qardlner district* rfe are now looking forward to the appearance of 5ickst- 
pins and rath them we can look forward with confidence to the arrival of 
spring* 



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ater rtuwli Increased nunbers of ducks and *ese hare be on 
observed felon, the Madison, Firehole, Gibbon and Yellowstone Hirers* 58 
■sans were recently counted on the Yellowstone "liver near the outlet of 
Yellowstone Lake* There will* no doubt* be a large Increase in the 
aaafcors of varieties of water fowl during the course of the nest few weeks* 
Ballards, Golden eye, and Canada Geese are the principal species at this 
tine* 

Buffalo and Other ?>anoh Operations* Baron act Ivi ties during 
the month consisted of the following t 

Buffalo Bane&i Cart and f eed.in of buffalo herd, team and 
saddle horses%~oare and* maintenance of ranch property and tfBtfattfo 

_h_CreekJ^chos« JJervices as carataker of ranch x^cperty, 
care end fceop of~tee«B and saddle horses, sad dally feeding of a band of 
GOO elk* 



iHP^^PSPS^l. c&re &nd **«^*ng df the National rark Service 
rancor horsVejavcra^^nunber on feed {round $?• This work is performs^ 
by the ranger at Tower Falls Station in addition to his patrols end other 

duties* 

^^fSi'S^TB^B jteophi Feeding deer and antelope herds prior 
to the l^tn* T^O t*Tl25 deer and" 1^5 to 226 antelope), Services as caretaker 
of the ranch property and patrols of the deer and antelope ranrre north of 
the park* Services were performed by the |<|W stationed at the ranch* 

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HBWOth tHo t Springs • As r*i#ht be er pec tec! udth the 00 rain of 
sprine, there acre been considerable changes in the fo motions and their 
springs* Increased activity was noted on Hymen Blue Springs, Jupiter f and 
Barrow Gnage Terraces* TJecreased activity wae noticed at Minerva* The 
sprine which showed such strong activity last month near Blue Sprint s 
increased considerably during the past month - there now being some 
six or eight springs where there was just one* A new spring has broken out 
Just above the Devil* s Thu»fi>, and is a end! a; forth a considerable amount of 
w; ter from a number of openings* A asw spring has broken out just below 
the road southwest of the old Canary 3prin . 

A woodohuok was seen on the terraces on the last day of Uarch, 
and several kildeers were near Jupiter Terrace* The snow has gene in a 
great many places, exposing bare formation, and the sklis were a burden in- 
stead of a hslpiu traversing the formations* 

Borris, Lower and Upper Peyser Basins - -lie re have been only 
casual and passin observations at the foregoing formations this no nth as 
the services of ranger observer, iobcrt L* Baker were terminated by resi - 
nation on February (28th* Ills successor arrived at Old iaithful on the 23d 
and reports from observations during the last week of the month that there 
have been no unusual activities* The only geysers observed in act lorn at 



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Upp«r Basin were Old Baithful, Grand, Daisy and Hivorside. The 
eruptions wore at comparatively regular intervals with normal duration, 
volume and hei . ht* He also Ob oorr ed the conclusion of one eruption of 
the Hew Gsyssr on the 31&X and reports no apyarent change In its aotivi- 
ties as noted durinr; the tourist season last year* 

Ur..&lter *mholt f oorotuer at Old iYdttrful Inn reported 
earth tremors in the old ftilthful district befelnninc at a. 55 pm on March 
11th and lasting until 12*34 aB on tne 12th* He states that one hundred 
and eleven (ill) distinct shocks were felt* He states further *hat the 
buildings shook from the trenors and that ssveral windows in the green- 
house wero shatterod jnd thr.t tho timbers in tho hotel were heard to 
creak with tho rcourrin shoelrs* The disturbance appears to here been en- 
tirely local as no shocks were reported from eny other point within the 
park. Hmvi tes been nc rest tlMMJ*J in the si activities of the. 

district uud there v,ere no ~cr cctlrltior svrlSSj the period 

when the tremors were felt* 

Giant wac boilino violently during the last few days of the 
month indicating an early eruption* 

51 - In c rease or decrease of Travel 

All entr&sKe and exit travel since the February report has been 
via tho . 'atsjwar* Salt travel has consisted iTrleoipcJly of local 

visitors to park hocdcja&rtere, Including cler;.:ymen f Siileemen and business 
callers* i ra ec; son visitors are Mrt registered n;xm mterin or leaving 
the park, but the travel observed by the ranger at the Car diner Gateway is 
as follovrc: 

Ctrs 86 
Visitors 255 

Che pre season travel at the close of ■wok this year consists 
of 3242 visitors travolinc; in II55 cars* Compare with 2287 visitors x in 
825 oars at the close of March last your, Itjo visitors in 525 G ^^ a n ^ the 
olose of tt&reh 1927, and 6l0 visitors in 164 oars prior to -pril 1. 1$26* 

520 - IssjiBsT Yen 11 mi Conditions 

521 - In the Park 

Moderate temperatures prevailed daring the ran th, especially dur- 
ing the first deeade when measi dally temps mtures averaged 90 avove the nor- 
mal* Departures frota the normal were tSJMSjalljr negative thereafter* The 
mean for tho month. 28*2 - is 1 # 7° above the normal* The highest tempera- 
ture for the month was 52° on the 27th* The lowost. 5° on the 31et # is the 
highest minimum temperature for March since 1$15* 

•oipiti.tion was only Gl par cent of tho normal azsount and total- 
ed 1*05 incwes* Snowfall amounted to $*8 inches, normal l£*l incles* -re- 
oipltatioa in nsasuratle amounts occurred on 14 days aai there .rere 7 days 












- 



:*-n I *rtf Md 






• 









■ 



- 


. 




- r i«a ■ 






. 






- • ". T 






•A il , 




• 










■ 





■M tf -i • :•- ~ *• M 



Mi 8 HDf ? 






with only a tracer The <;reatest depth of snow on the | -round was 15*3 
inches on the 2nd and at the end of the month m there remained only a 
tr^oo, mostly in drifts. Light rain fell on 5 days. 



There was 55 V*r otBa ^ «f *&• possible sunshine, Tory near the 
There were 5 clear days, 7 partly cloudy, 19 cloudy. 



normal 



Strong winds were general throughout the month and the arerage 
relocity, 8*3 miles per hour, is somewhat abore the normal ralue* The 
onrliwrai ralocity, 34 miles per hour, was the hithest wind recorded since 
last September* The prevailing direction was southwest* 

Snow Depths t anew depths throughout ttie park with eorapar&tire flg- 
for 1928 and 1927 are noted as follows! 



Buffalo Ranch 
Soda Butts Cabin 
Cooke Banker Station 
Tower Balls Station 
Old Faithful Station 
Laics Station 
Thorofare Cabin 
llellroaring Station 
Horris Station 
Canyon Station 
Hirers id o Station 
Gallatin Station 
Sylvan Baas Station 
Snake Hirer Station 
Boohler Hirer Station 
Upjjer Ulough Creek Bench 
Lower Slough Creek Kanch 



Inches 

10 
20 

52 
12 

4B 
44 
55 
10 

34 
47 

I 

48 



36 
30 

* ♦ * 



1928 
laches 



1221 

Inches 

28 

28 

36 

39 
10 

38 
30 

21 

30 

57 

54 

24 
20 



MB*» 



depths of interest are as follows: 



AreiBGS depth, Swan Lake Plats to Horris - 31 inches* There is from 36 to 
45 inches between Horris, Canyon and Lake; Grayling Cabin 35f South BJvejN 
side Cabin 60| Harebell Cabin 47; Heart Lake Cabin 45 j Cascade Cabin 94; 
Cold Crook Cabin 42; Cache Creek Cabin 54; Pebble Creek Dlride 74; and Cre- 
rloo Mountain 36, 



The following snow depths with water content were »ported from 
the Snake Hirer District on the 20tht 



11 






■ Ah 



mi -' e 









'h_ 



mi • 



Iflf 





■' -i- * *« 


: 










■ ■•'•''.':£ 


1 1 mi 










H 


















,■*>*•'• 


S 









RE 






• 









■ 



Ml 

Mil 



. 


















• 



M MM H 

UMMl eel/ 









tM 



JU 



Suow Deoth 


•■/ater 


iJ3a0 « Inches 


Content (i ib has) 


Snake Kiver Station 59 


17.5 


Four Mil* .-oat (nortli of Snake 2v.) 73 


24. 


Six Ilile ~ost do 92 

^ster CretJt 6$ 


33* 


26.5 


Col tar Creek 63 
3Ci.di M in 9& 


20. 


34* 



540 - 71 si tors 

•. . 3 3, Asst* to the President of the Yellowstone 

Hotel Cozspsny and Yellowstone Parte Transportation Cora any carsa into the ark 
on iMrch 10 and left via the North Entrance on Starch 11 • 2&% Nichols had 
.Vast returned from ./ash in ton, '). 0* and was enroute to LaJolla., Calif* 

Dr* 0. J* Lurie of the Biological Purvey * who has been in chursrt 
of the Survey's activities in the Jaokson Hole Country came into the Bark on 
Ijarch 30th spermine trro days with Mr* i* £U Bush who is assigned to special 
?/ork in the park on wild life* 

900 - l&scellaneoas 

Post Office t Ho unusual features to report* as business was about 
ft»r Huron* 



Church Servlceet faster Services were held on the nifht of the 31st 
in too ttewnotn Chapel* Hev* Friend Day, Spisoopnl Hinister. conducted the 
service** 

Hos pital and Medical Servicer Dr* Frank •* Grace* resident physician, 
reports 85 calls during the raonth. which includes both office and residence 
tails* 

On March loth several raeobers of the Lirsraaoth Cocraunity presented 
a three-act play entitled "The Time of His Ufe* at the Opera House in 
Gardiner* The perfornsaoe was very well attended and a fxeat deal of credit 
is due tha laanbers of the cast and iirs* Russell 3prinfcel, the director, for 
the excellent presentation* 



12 



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< Mi 



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irl 



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. HO {JV its. 






m n 



m 






On jferoli 3& Pa ** naturalist Dorr G* Yaager was tail ted in 
aarriaee to liss Frtmoes Burtelt, of llontosmaa, Iowa. Hie oarriare took 
place In Billings, -Montana and the couple are now residing at l&nraoth 
Hot 3prlne»« 

Very troly yota*s f 



U» F* Baum 
-'.otinfj Superintendent 



;«X WOO >0 Of* 



'": . 



CO 






7 



o. 1080— Met'l. 

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, WEAT HER BUREAU. 



MONTHLY METEOROLOGICAL SUMMARY. 

ion, .____ : -.2tll93ia.t»ae„.?ari^ £&»_ , month, March _ , 19 29 



TemteraxLtie. 

(Degrees Fahrenheit.) 



Max. 



_.£8. 
_.M. 

...4a. 

...45. 
lift.. 

..22.. 



8.7,9 



Min. 



Mean. 



Precipita- 
tion. 

(In inches 

and 

hundredths.) 



-i6---*a 



if 

.30 
ML 

J5 



.1Q.£ 



.4.1 

aa 

3J3. 

.eq. 

16. 



£flL*l 



— «.— 

.,.02. 
Q 



Total. 

1..0S. 



Character 
of day. 



■Cloudy 2- 



.21aud3'-..3Q. 
JSflttr TO 



.£iCl«j'--63- 
.iitflldJi. .£7. 



— — 



- . 
let. 



ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE. 
(Eeduced to sea level; inches and hundredths.) 

Mean £9.1.3?.;. highest ..S2.jl4.4-, date -23~ 

lowest — 2w » 32- — , date JLX 



TEMPERATURE. 

Highest — 5.2—, date — 27— ; lowest S— -, date — Ci 

^.~.>.„..-..g ju„„„„ u ^»»i l»j*w>i»« ^u, t ^j^ 4 , t ... ryi-^-c7 — IURot, 

average hourly velocity —.Q.J&. ; maximum velocity (for five 

minutes) 454- miles per hour, from -j*$. 

on &tk 

"WEATHER. 

Number of days, clear ... Jg-— ; partly cloudy »... ; cloudy —«.-*%..; 

on which .01 inch, or more, of precipitation occurred — X JL~ 
MISCELLANEOUS PHENOMENA (dates of). 

Auroras— --15- ; halos: solar .g^ , lunar Q. 

Hail O— -- -5 sleet..... £ ; fog £ 

Thunderstorms Q. 

*Frost: light «- ; heavy -~. ; killing __ 



Note.— "T" indicates trace of precipitation, 
mtumn frosta are not recorded after the occurrence of "killing," except in Florida and along the immediate coaat of the Gulf of Mexico. 



worn j'wam runn omci 



Jrlen-JirfX^wioa^^ie 



^"'W^Bu^u. 



|peipts from T ,ong Distance business 
SLEGBAPH BUSINESS 



10 



10 



o 



Ispages via Western I 
iseages via. . . . 

TOTAL MESSAGES 



pts froi I graph business. . . 

money igee. . . . 

)• of money transfer receipts. . . 



)7A1 RECEIPTS TELEPHONE & TELEGRAPH DEPT- 



.UAaaua H3HTa! 



.Y^AMMU8 









wi.aflUTjjjompg 

! < 



i 



1 



V>4I 





z 
J 

i 






►.V 



f 



<0 



03 

H 
> 
j 


z 



- ... 










. 









XI 
M 
fti 

■ 

U 
u 






MM 



)-162 



UNITED STATES 
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 



NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

REPORT 0? TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH BUSINESS 






lati r -r:al Park p or the Month of 



i^rch 1929 



Thii 






Month icr 



th Last Year 



JAL 3USINESS 

.es of circuit maintained . 
snes connected 
of measured service calls 
other local calls 
ial No. of local call a, 
ik load in calls per day. 



498 
155 

4206 
-218 



■peipLS from measured service calls. . . 

fceipts from coin boxes 

eceipts from telephone rental . . 

TOT AT: PTS 

ONG DISTANCE BUSINESS 



462 
146 


36 

9 


6090 


-1884 


438 


- 220 



Perce 
Incr 



.078 
•061 

-.30 

-.50 



I. Outbound calls 
0. Inbound caiis 



65 



5 



TOTAL LONG DISTANCE CALLS 

r ' per day . 

ec-.v - 'om Long Distance business. . 



BLEGRAPH BUSINESS 

/ia Wee tern Unj 
i a . . . . 

iGES 



■eipr.s from telegraph business 
■■ mors, sages. 

0. of money transfer receipts. 



10 

-35.00 



68 
90 



10 



-22 
-25 







-.32 
■•27 



J PTS TELEPHONE & TELEGRAPH DEPT- 



. ■ 



a3TATe aanMu crg- 

31 X«A=1 JAUOITAH 






:^J 









>..? 






> o 



10-163 






UNITED STATES 




DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 




NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 




"ELECTRICITY GENERATED, SOLD, USED, ETC. 




nXMMKflDI National Park for the Month of .JKMt-Jp) 




This This Last Increase for 




| This | Travel | Month Travel Travel Year 




Month | Year Last Year | 



| To Date | Year To Date Number Percent 

Current generated, 55760 ,0 60889O.O 5488O.O 574260.O 34&30.0 5# 

Sold to park operators, . . . 2 8l»4 94206.6 382.9 78942.7 I5263.9 l6£ 



Sold to others, 



Furnished to other Governmental 
agencies, 



Used by National Park Service, 
lost in transit, etc . , . . . 55d?!k£-51 4683.4 -54497.1 4$gglfo£ _ JtgBftul. $k 

Total current generated, . . 55760 . j^ fr j » S=f4i> »«»^ fMrt»«»HMfrM $$ 



Amount receivable from the sale of electricity, $ 14*07 



Indicated by K. W. H. 



83TATa aSTIMU 

JROmBTHI 3HT 30 TH3MT^AS3a 

3DIVH3S MflAS JAI/IOITAU 



C3X- 






-tol ee.se-ionI 

1B9Y I6VJ3TT 



,aaau .cuoa .aaTAHanao YTioiHToaja* 

UnoM edi tol tf-T^I IjsnoiJ.sH 



JneoieS 



m 



■tajsJ 

lev&iT 

iaeY 

-retfou/W 1 e^jsQ oT 



airfT 8ifIT 

rfJnoM | IgvaiT J sirfT 
JsjsJ ibsY rfJnoM 

1B9Y |eJfia oT| 






LO06K . ( 5e^£i9ne3 Snet 

► # jV- , ... , s-ioJjneqo tfijsq oJ b 

, ai erf-Jo of b 



IfiJnsmrngvoQ TerfJo o3 b9rfain 
.89ion9g 

,90ivT93 tii&1 IenoiJ£H \d b 
. . , . oJe , HeciBi) ni Jeo 






. 



.^.ti oil Joel 9 lo alee grfJ moil eia\6vi909T tnsj 



.H .W .X \;rf beJeoion 



•158 

UNITED STATES 

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

STATUS OF AUTHORIZED PROJECTS 
TSLLQifiSQHS National Park for the Month of mECJI-igsg. 



Percent j Percent Percent Provable 
Description of Projects | Constructed [Constructed (Constructed! Date of 

To Date | This Month | Last Month | Completion 



Ho change in projects during the month. 



f (f .86 

83TAT3 C13TIHU 

3DiVH38 aHAS JAUOITAH 

B : -.? aasiaoHTUA 10 sutats 

>v to rfJnoM erfcr ioI.HibI lenoiJaH JBUHMLflX 



■ ■■ i i » i ■ i ' »i inn in 



Jnaoie*! | .JneoiaS 
iJ-anoOjbeJou- fra^oimanoOj oa^cnS lo noi^qxToeaQ 

9J\sJ oT 






• 



10-159 

UNITED STATES 

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 



STATUS OF PERSONNEL 



?0N3 



National Park for the Month of 



"ttiEOK"!^"' 



This 
Month 



This Month 
Last Year 



Number of employees beginning of month, 

Number of additions, , 

Total, 

Number of separations, 

Number of employees close of month, . . 



72 



4 
76 







69 

69 





=6T 



Number of promotions during month 



Aggregate amount of annual leave taken, 
Aggregate amount of 4 sick leave taken, 
Aggregate amount of leave without pay, 



91 



30 



"C 



81 



33 



( r 

esi-oi 

83TAT2 03TIMU 

HOm3THI 3HT 30 TH3MTHAS3a 

33IVH33 HflAR JAHOITAH 



JHH02E25 10 3UTAT3 






rfJnoM 8irfT eirfT 

"I.69Y JejsJ rttnoM 



e* s? 



5 



t» ft 



.rfJnom lo anxnnisod seaxolqine lo Tedau/pj 

. snoiJiDbfi lo ledwsW 

, IbJoT 

( anoij£iBqee lo lednsuV 

, ( rfJnotn lo eaolo 898\;oIqni9 To i9CfaiuH 



rfdrioni §niiub snoij-oaKnq lo ledmuV 



xe 



05 



cl 



,neil&t Bvsel I&ucmB lo JnuonuB 9^539183/ 

t n9>lBd- 9VJS9I tfoia^ lo -Jni/onus 9^539133^ 

. vjsq iuodSiw 9V£9l lo ^nuomB 9^39133/ 



,0-160 

UNITED STATES 

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

REPORT OF PARK REVENUES 
. J *? National Park for the Month of JtECH. 1929 



Percent of increase 



This Last 
Year Year 



ark revenue on hand "beginning of month 270 t 554»6Q 

ecei 62*13 

Total 

emitted 



270 f 6l6 # 75 
270 f 6l6,73 



n hand close of month O^OQ 



ark revenues received this year to date 270 6l6#75 

Irk revenues received last year to date 237 # l85»80 

Increase ==3 3 ,430 , <)3 



Iftjl 



i f 

33TATa aannu 

9lom3TMI 3HT lO TH3Mr^A<R3a 

3DIV«3a XHAq JAUOITAH 

3 a u "n n a h hai 10 noua 

jQftit- eS l£ r 



JesJ JtriT 

"iseY tseY 



. rMnom lo gnrnniaecf bnsrf rro 



,ov lBjoT 



.. ., . .rfcrrtom Jo eeoio t 



et&b oj ibb\ airfJ £»evieo9T eeur 

,9Jb£) oJ laa^ Je&L Jbavieoei aeunevei W 

g'0e>,J5e ■ • ■ .eaaeionl. 

••JfrSf- easa-ioni lo Jneo 



10-157 

UNITED STATES 

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 



TRAVEL 



REPORT 



-■^HLLOflBTOHS National Park for the Month of MfeRGH 3$29 



This 
Month 



This 
Travel 

Year 
To Date 



This 

Month 

Last 

Year 



Last 
Travel 

Year 
To Date 



Increase for 
Travel Year 



Number Percent 



IVATE TRANSPORTATION: 

Lrs first entry, ^ m6 

!ars reentry, -./• 

Motorcycles, ». 

Total motor vehicles, .... flfc 1 1^5 

Arsons entering via motor 

fehicleS > 253 3242 

'ersons entering via other 

arivate transportation, .... 

Total persons entering via 

private transportation, . . . _ ===== ____ 

JTHER TRANSPORTATION: 



=Rg= 



131 



825 



£»£: 



2287 



291 



=53* 



955 



35 



=4*- 



42 



Persons entering via stages, 
Persons entering via trains, 
Persons entering otherwise, . 
Total other transportation, 
GRAND TOTAL ALL VISITORS, . 



g*5 ^^~^ g- -TSF^-tt&f- 



^m 



w 




lUtomobiles in public camps during month, 
Jampers in public camps during month, . .